Certainly, it’s proven that World Wide Web has played a huge impact in our lives, it has cultivated our living standards and daily routine tasks in a conducive and manageable way. It is an evident fact that most of the multinational organization, business sectors, large and medium-sized companies, and IT firms are dependent on the Internet and the World Wide Web. In this regard, we can easily understand the importance of the World Wide Web and the Internet.
It must be noted that the World Wide Web (WWW) is a consortium global communication medium that allows users to easily read, write and execute useful information using computer intercommunicated to the Internet, either wired or wireless i.e. LAN, WAN or Wi-Fi enabled mediums. Basically, WWW is an Internet-based service, which works on some set of rules often regarded as protocols, which helps users to transfer files, documents or any other useful information via the Internet in a best possible way.
Furthermore, the notion of WWW is flourishing with the passage of time as newer implementations and technologies are being released for the advancement of WWW and Internet. Usually, the world wide web is used through web browser software including Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, and Opera, etc. Hence, by using browsers one can access the digital libraries consisting of research papers, magazines, journals, articles, whitepapers, e-books, news, tutorials, and blogs stored in the form of webpages and websites content on your computers everywhere in the world performed by web-servers. Nowadays, millions of people are using web pages or websites are implemented to the world wide web with trillions of pages accessed in 24/7 time zone. Hence, in this article, we have thoroughly discussed about the beginning and historical background of the World Wide Web with the latest research and investigation performed by scientists and researchers of the world.
The Emergence of WWW
In 1980, Tim Berners Lee used to work as an English independent contractor at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Switzerland manufactured a database for users for software process models, termed as ENQUIRE, it also seemingly performed functionality as a method to organize hypertexts, in such a way that each new pages is interconnected with other pages if there exits useful information in the system, ENQUIRE.
In 1989, WWW was invented by a Leading British computer scientist, Tim Berners Lee. While he was finding out a new way for scientists and researchers will easily share the data or information from their experimentations and strategic techniques. However, the Internet and hypertext were already existing at that time but no one was aware of the fact to use the internet to properly link one document or file to another. Also, Berners Lee wrote a detailed business proposal in the month of March 1989 that focused on a large amount of hypertext database consisting of typed links. Significantly, this proposal influenced some sort of impact factor, in this regard his boss, Mike Sendall encouraged him to implement his system based on the newly purchased NeXT workstation. In this way, the concept of the World Wide Web was coined by Tim Berners Lee at that time.
In 1990, Berner’s Lee along with this colleague Robert Calliau presented his idea in the European Conference on the concept of Hypertext Technology in the month of September 1990, but sadly, they didn’t get any vendor who would appreciate and motivate him with his visionary idea of merging hypertext with the Internet and WWW.
Later, in the month December, 1990, Berners Lee developed all the necessary tools and resources for a proper functioning of the web, popularly known as Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) version 0.9 along with the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), which a scripting language used by the first web browser named WorldWideWeb, which was also referred as Web Editor. The first HTTP server software later referred to as CERN httpd, the first web server with a URL protocol i.e. CERN along with the first Web pages that clearly described the concept of the project accurately.
Initially, the browser could only access Usenet newsgroups and FTP files and documents only, and these resources were executed on NeXT and in this regard Nicola Pellow developed a simplistic textual web browser, popularly known as Line Mode Browser, the main advantage of this browser was that it was executable on almost every computer available in the laboratory of the institute, workplace or office.
Later, On August 6th, 1991, Tim Berner’s Lee shared a short conclusion of the project, World Wide Web (WWW) on the hypertext newsgroups with the purpose of inviting collaborators. The date is often synonymous and confused with the public availability of the first web servers, which were introduced a few months earlier than this event. Later, In the month of September 1991, leading physicist and computer scientist, named Paul Kunz from SLAC had a visit at CERN and was very much impressed by the conceptualization and functional aspects of the world wide web. In the meanwhile, he shifted NeXT software app back to SLAC, and immediately the librarian Louise Addis occupied it for the IBM’s virtual machine operating system (OS) for their IBM Mainframe which seemed like a possible way to display SLAC’s set of online documents and files available on the WWW, basically, this proved to be the first web server in North America.
In 1992, the computerization and networking section of CERN’s, which was chaired by David Williams didn’t appreciated the work of Tim Berners Lee, in this regard, a multipage email was sent by Williams that was an attachment to provide evaluation remarks on the work of Berners Lee, with a clear motive of creating a facility to share information that were regarded as comments or results from experiments of CERN to the scientific forums and community, and it was not supposed as a core approachability of CERN and was quite misdirected of CERN’s IT equipment and resources.
With this reaction, Tim Berners Lee resigned from CERN regardless of his colleagues and caretakers in the IT center that were always ready to encourage him for his support and assistance, especially M. Ben Segal from the distributed system SHIFT project also claimed to provide support to Lee. Later, he also left MIT, where he initially started to develop HTTP. In the same year, the first web server outside Europe was implemented at Stanford University in the US. Also, all of the earliest generations of web server had been implemented in Europe, this was the first step to integrate web servers in American organization. The statistical measures reported that there were only 10 web servers in the world by 1992.
In 1993, CERN provided allowed every user to use web protocols and programs for free. Similarly, the digital technologies that were used to establish a world wide web, that means that the concept of open-source platforms was also coined at that time. Perhaps, users started to develop websites for online businesses and personal usage. Also, the ratio of web servers increased to the amount of 50 across the world by January 1993. Likewise, In April 1993, the WWW technology was readily available for someone to use on royalty-free occasions and basis. Later on, by October 1993 the ratio of web servers was increased over 500 web servers online. Earlier, In July 1993, the Wharton School published the first collection of PDFs and it was emphasized in Adobe 1995’s annual reports pertaining to the use of PDFs on the world wide web.
In 1994, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was introduced by Tim Berner’s Lee. This organization that assures that the WWW continues to provide web development and relevant services to their target audiences. In the same year, cellular and telecommunication companies started to provide internet access to the people around the world. Mostly, the access to the WWW started to become available in workplaces and homes of the people, also the number of web servers was increased to ratio of the 623. Also, the release of the Mosaic web browser were allowed users to explore multimedia platforms on online business and relevant platforms. The concept of Search Engine was also coined in the month of 1993, albeit early search engines were quite primitive, manual and mostly indexed with only headers and text. Significantly, in 1994, the concept of Web Crawler was introduced that captured the insights of the entire pages of indexing active websites.
Modern Era of the World Wide Web
With the advancement of technology, the presence of the world wide web is rapidly changing at a planned pace. The early websites were made up of simple pages of such words and images, which seems bit alike of online books, journals or magazines. Later, to design a webpage you will have to write logic codes on HTML.
Beginning of Web 2.0 and its Current Perspective
In 1999, WWW saw a massive enhancement as the concept of Web 2.0 was Introduced, and the demand of users was increased and more interactions and clicks were reported from the sites they usually visited on daily basis and the result was typically referred as Web 2.0 as a social internet platform.
Web 2.0 is characterized by internet websites, social media platforms, user-engaging content, multimedia technologies, embedded apps, and online sharing collaborations. It is the concept of the web in which site owners and their target audiences with continuous interaction, the average users can also provide content providers and visitors that were able to create a unique, personal online experience. However, the procedure of how people use the web has changed constantly, but the concept of technologies is still based on a similar idea, many technologies that ran the first webpages are still used worldwide.
Evolution of Social Media Trends
Since early time period, the world wide web was seen as a social concept that connected communities of researchers and scientists from all over the world. During that time period, companies also began experimenting with specialized social networks such as classmates.com, where users can easily interconnect as who already had an existing connection to reunite and perform for online communication.
Later, in 2002, the company Friendster was introduced to social networking as it is noted that the users who are already working but to build latest relationships via common friends and interests.
In 2003, Myspace and LinkedIn have primarily joined the social networking area, the perspective of these platforms was to target teenagers and young adults by providing flash-based customization, music integration, and pre-built blogging approach, and in this regard MySpace became popular with social media approaches providing relevant services to millions of users around the globe.
Later, in 2004 social media became a revolutionary approach with the arrival of Facebook, initially, it was only restricted to college students for two years. After the public release, the website rapidly reached to thousands of millions of users worldwide, and today it has crossed over 1.5 billion active users by each month. Hence, the incredible success of these early pioneers led to the rise of new social media outlets such as Pinterest, Tumblr, and Twitter.
Likewise, with the combination with the power of media, social networks have primarily also included services such as Airbnb, Uber, and Careem, permitting users to provide services usually only available through large businesses directly to one another.
Job Roles in the Internet & Web
Since, the evolvement of the World Wide Web and Internet, multiple job roles were introduced related to the industrial development consisting of human resources and recruitment procedures. The IT sector always focuses on technical and managerial positions in multinational organizations, software houses, and reputable organizations. The role of IT is involved in every sector whether it maybe healthcare, banking, oil & gas, education and many more. During the late 1990s and early 2000s, the job role was initially focused on software and hardware manufacturing including data entry analyst, computer operator, programmer, IT support engineer and Network Administrator.
In this era, the whole era is changed and latest developments in the field of IT including web and internet has drastically improved within certain time period and in future it will definitely cultivate the lives of people with the evolvement of latest technologies and job roles involved in multidimensional industries such as digital marketing agencies,